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Iraq is known as the cradle of civilization. It was the first known place where records of human writing were discovered and where literature thrived thousands of years before Christ. Humans first began to cultivate land and develop agriculture in Iraq
thanks to the fertile Euphrates and Tigris rivers that made it possible to produce vast quantities of food. The city of Babylon rose to prominence in the 6th century BC when the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon were created by the Emperor Nebuchadnezzar
Baghdad thrived during the Islamic Golden Age and continued to do so until Genghis Khan arrived in the 13th century. Eventually the Ottomans rose to power until 1920 when Iraq came under British control. Throughout the 20th century Iraq variously shifted
between independence and control under the British until 1958 when the British were overthrown and Iraq became a republic.
Modern Iraq has seen moments of reprieve from war but the country is often fraught with political and religious difficulties. The most visited areas in recent years have been into Iraqi Kurdistan, the area freed from Saddam Hussein’s rule during the Gulf
War in the early 1990’s. The area is lush and mountainous and the people are known for their generous hospitality. There are many famous sites to explore in Iraqi Kurdistan:
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